Man’s irresistible drift away from conflict and towards cooperation is but the complete adaptation of the organism (man) to its environment (the planet, ‘wild nature’), resulting in a more intense vitality.”
Almost 100 years ago (1913) Angell wrote on issues which remarkably hold particular relevance today:
1) The individual as a part of a nation.
2) The nation as a part of all nations. And;
3) Man as an individual, nation, and together all nations, as one organism.
The Biological Argument For Mutual Consideration
Part of Angell’s argument, for mutual cooperation among people, stems from a biological observation:
Now, a body, the various parts of which are so interdependent that without coordination vitality is reduced or death ensues, must be regarded, in so far as the functions in question are concerned, not as a collection of rival organisms, but as one. This is in accord with what we know of the character of living organisms in their conflict with environment. The higher the organism, the greater the elaboration and interdependence of its part, the greater the need for coordination.”
Seeing Humanity As One Organism
As cells must operate in mutual consideration for the body to remain healthy, Angell argues that so must the person, as a part of all people (one organism), operate the same:
The individual in his sociological aspect is not the complete organism. He who attempts to live without association with his fellow dies. Nor is the nation the complete organism. If Britain attempted to live without cooperation with other nations, half the population would starve. The completer the cooperation, the greater the vitality.”
Fast Forward To Today
Today, modern science, in all of its branches, is touching on what Angell had championed a hundred years ago.
Here is evolutionary biologist Bruce Lipton speaking on humanity evolving as and towards the realization that man is one organism:
One cell later becomes a human; which later becomes humanity. And when humanity is complete the earth as an organism completes its evolution… when the earth completes its evolution we are then at the level of a unity, with a voice of unity, which allows us to speak as a one…”
Cell photo courtesy of wellcome images.